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Old Testament:  Genesis 46-48

Genesis 46

Jacob's Journey to Egypt
 1  So Jacob [1]  set out for Egypt with all his possessions. And when he came to Beersheba, he offered sacrifices to the God of his father, Isaac.  2  During the night God spoke to him in a vision. "Jacob! Jacob!" he called.
  "Here I am," Jacob replied.
   3  "I am God, [3]  the God of your father," the voice said. "Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for there I will make your family into a great nation.  4  I will go with you down to Egypt, and I will bring you back again. You will die in Egypt, but Joseph will be with you to close your eyes."
   5  So Jacob left Beersheba, and his sons took him to Egypt. They carried him and their little ones and their wives in the wagons Pharaoh had provided for them.  6  They also took all their livestock and all the personal belongings they had acquired in the land of Canaan. So Jacob and his entire family went to Egypt—  7  sons and grandsons, daughters and granddaughters—all his descendants.
   8  These are the names of the descendants of Israel—the sons of Jacob—who went to Egypt:

Reuben was Jacob's oldest son.  9  The sons of Reuben were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
 10  The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul. (Shaul's mother was a Canaanite woman.)
 11  The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
 12  The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (though Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.
 13  The sons of Issachar were Tola, Puah, [13]  Jashub, [13]  and Shimron.
 14  The sons of Zebulun were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.
 15  These were the sons of Leah and Jacob who were born in Paddan-aram, in addition to their daughter, Dinah. The number of Jacob's descendants (male and female) through Leah was thirty-three.

 16  The sons of Gad were Zephon, [16]  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.
 17  The sons of Asher were Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Beriah. Their sister was Serah. Beriah's sons were Heber and Malkiel.
 18  These were the sons of Zilpah, the servant given to Leah by her father, Laban. The number of Jacob's descendants through Zilpah was sixteen.

 19  The sons of Jacob's wife Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
 20  Joseph's sons, born in the land of Egypt, were Manasseh and Ephraim. Their mother was Asenath, daughter of Potiphera, the priest of On. [20] 
 21  Benjamin's sons were Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard.
 22  These were the sons of Rachel and Jacob. The number of Jacob's descendants through Rachel was fourteen.

 23  The son of Dan was Hushim.
 24  The sons of Naphtali were Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.
 25  These were the sons of Bilhah, the servant given to Rachel by her father, Laban. The number of Jacob's descendants through Bilhah was seven.

 26  The total number of Jacob's direct descendants who went with him to Egypt, not counting his sons' wives, was sixty-six.  27  In addition, Joseph had two sons [27]  who were born in Egypt. So altogether, there were seventy [27]  members of Jacob's family in the land of Egypt.

Jacob's Family Arrives in Goshen
 28  As they neared their destination, Jacob sent Judah ahead to meet Joseph and get directions to the region of Goshen. And when they finally arrived there,  29  Joseph prepared his chariot and traveled to Goshen to meet his father, Jacob. When Joseph arrived, he embraced his father and wept, holding him for a long time.  30  Finally, Jacob said to Joseph, "Now I am ready to die, since I have seen your face again and know you are still alive."
   31  And Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's entire family, "I will go to Pharaoh and tell him, `My brothers and my father's entire family have come to me from the land of Canaan.  32  These men are shepherds, and they raise livestock. They have brought with them their flocks and herds and everything they own.'"
   33  Then he said, "When Pharaoh calls for you and asks you about your occupation,  34  you must tell him, `We, your servants, have raised livestock all our lives, as our ancestors have always done.' When you tell him this, he will let you live here in the region of Goshen, for the Egyptians despise shepherds."

Genesis 47

Jacob Blesses Pharaoh
 1  Then Joseph went to see Pharaoh and told him, "My father and my brothers have arrived from the land of Canaan. They have come with all their flocks and herds and possessions, and they are now in the region of Goshen."
   2  Joseph took five of his brothers with him and presented them to Pharaoh.  3  And Pharaoh asked the brothers, "What is your occupation?"
  They replied, "We, your servants, are shepherds, just like our ancestors.  4  We have come to live here in Egypt for a while, for there is no pasture for our flocks in Canaan. The famine is very severe there. So please, we request permission to live in the region of Goshen."
   5  Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Now that your father and brothers have joined you here,  6  choose any place in the entire land of Egypt for them to live. Give them the best land of Egypt. Let them live in the region of Goshen. And if any of them have special skills, put them in charge of my livestock, too."
   7  Then Joseph brought in his father, Jacob, and presented him to Pharaoh. And Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
   8  "How old are you?" Pharaoh asked him.
   9  Jacob replied, "I have traveled this earth for 130 hard years. But my life has been short compared to the lives of my ancestors."  10  Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh again before leaving his court.
   11  So Joseph assigned the best land of Egypt—the region of Rameses—to his father and his brothers, and he settled them there, just as Pharaoh had commanded.  12  And Joseph provided food for his father and his brothers in amounts appropriate to the number of their dependents, including the smallest children.

Joseph's Leadership in the Famine
 13  Meanwhile, the famine became so severe that all the food was used up, and people were starving throughout the lands of Egypt and Canaan.  14  By selling grain to the people, Joseph eventually collected all the money in Egypt and Canaan, and he put the money in Pharaoh's treasury.  15  When the people of Egypt and Canaan ran out of money, all the Egyptians came to Joseph. "Our money is gone!" they cried. "But please give us food, or we will die before your very eyes!"
   16  Joseph replied, "Since your money is gone, bring me your livestock. I will give you food in exchange for your livestock."  17  So they brought their livestock to Joseph in exchange for food. In exchange for their horses, flocks of sheep and goats, herds of cattle, and donkeys, Joseph provided them with food for another year.
   18  But that year ended, and the next year they came again and said, "We cannot hide the truth from you, my lord. Our money is gone, and all our livestock and cattle are yours. We have nothing left to give but our bodies and our land.  19  Why should we die before your very eyes? Buy us and our land in exchange for food; we offer our land and ourselves as slaves for Pharaoh. Just give us grain so we may live and not die, and so the land does not become empty and desolate."
   20  So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. All the Egyptians sold him their fields because the famine was so severe, and soon all the land belonged to Pharaoh.  21  As for the people, he made them all slaves, [21]  from one end of Egypt to the other.  22  The only land he did not buy was the land belonging to the priests. They received an allotment of food directly from Pharaoh, so they didn't need to sell their land.
   23  Then Joseph said to the people, "Look, today I have bought you and your land for Pharaoh. I will provide you with seed so you can plant the fields.  24  Then when you harvest it, one-fifth of your crop will belong to Pharaoh. You may keep the remaining four-fifths as seed for your fields and as food for you, your households, and your little ones."
   25  "You have saved our lives!" they exclaimed. "May it please you, my lord, to let us be Pharaoh's servants."  26  Joseph then issued a decree still in effect in the land of Egypt, that Pharaoh should receive one-fifth of all the crops grown on his land. Only the land belonging to the priests was not given to Pharaoh.
   27  Meanwhile, the people of Israel settled in the region of Goshen in Egypt. There they acquired property, and they were fruitful, and their population grew rapidly.  28  Jacob lived for seventeen years after his arrival in Egypt, so he lived 147 years in all.
   29  As the time of his death drew near, Jacob [29]  called for his son Joseph and said to him, "Please do me this favor. Put your hand under my thigh and swear that you will treat me with unfailing love by honoring this last request: Do not bury me in Egypt.  30  When I die, please take my body out of Egypt and bury me with my ancestors."
  So Joseph promised, "I will do as you ask."
   31  "Swear that you will do it," Jacob insisted. So Joseph gave his oath, and Jacob bowed humbly at the head of his bed. [31] 

Genesis 48

Jacob Blesses Manasseh and Ephraim
 1  One day not long after this, word came to Joseph, "Your father is failing rapidly." So Joseph went to visit his father, and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
   2  When Joseph arrived, Jacob was told, "Your son Joseph has come to see you." So Jacob [2]  gathered his strength and sat up in his bed.
   3  Jacob said to Joseph, "God Almighty [3]  appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me.  4  He said to me, `I will make you fruitful, and I will multiply your descendants. I will make you a multitude of nations. And I will give this land of Canaan to your descendants [4]  after you as an everlasting possession.'
   5  "Now I am claiming as my own sons these two boys of yours, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born here in the land of Egypt before I arrived. They will be my sons, just as Reuben and Simeon are.  6  But any children born to you in the future will be your own, and they will inherit land within the territories of their brothers Ephraim and Manasseh.
   7  "Long ago, as I was returning from Paddan-aram, Rachel died in the land of Canaan. We were still on the way, some distance from Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). So with great sorrow I buried her there beside the road to Ephrath."
   8  Then Jacob looked over at the two boys. "Are these your sons?" he asked.
   9  "Yes," Joseph told him, "these are the sons God has given me here in Egypt."
  And Jacob said, "Bring them closer to me, so I can bless them."
   10  Jacob was half blind because of his age and could hardly see. So Joseph brought the boys close to him, and Jacob kissed and embraced them.  11  Then Jacob said to Joseph, "I never thought I would see your face again, but now God has let me see your children, too!"
   12  Joseph moved the boys, who were at their grandfather's knees, and he bowed with his face to the ground.  13  Then he positioned the boys in front of Jacob. With his right hand he directed Ephraim toward Jacob's left hand, and with his left hand he put Manasseh at Jacob's right hand.  14  But Jacob crossed his arms as he reached out to lay his hands on the boys' heads. He put his right hand on the head of Ephraim, though he was the younger boy, and his left hand on the head of Manasseh, though he was the firstborn.  15  Then he blessed Joseph and said,

"May the God before whom my grandfather Abraham
  and my father, Isaac, walked—
the God who has been my shepherd
  all my life, to this very day,
 16  the Angel who has redeemed me from all harm—
  may he bless these boys.
May they preserve my name
  and the names of Abraham and Isaac.
And may their descendants multiply greatly
  throughout the earth."

   17  But Joseph was upset when he saw that his father placed his right hand on Ephraim's head. So Joseph lifted it to move it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head.  18  "No, my father," he said. "This one is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head."
   19  But his father refused. "I know, my son; I know," he replied. "Manasseh will also become a great people, but his younger brother will become even greater. And his descendants will become a multitude of nations."
   20  So Jacob blessed the boys that day with this blessing: "The people of Israel will use your names when they give a blessing. They will say, `May God make you as prosperous as Ephraim and Manasseh.'" In this way, Jacob put Ephraim ahead of Manasseh.
   21  Then Jacob said to Joseph, "Look, I am about to die, but God will be with you and will take you back to Canaan, the land of your ancestors.  22  And beyond what I have given your brothers, I am giving you an extra portion of the land [22]  that I took from the Amorites with my sword and bow."
<<  46:1 Hebrew Israel; also in 46:29, 30. See note on 35:21.
<<  46:3 Hebrew I am El.
<<  46:13a As in Syriac version and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also 1 Chr 7:1); Hebrew reads Puvah. 46:13b As in some Greek manuscripts and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Num 26:24; 1 Chr 7:1); Hebrew reads Iob.
<<  46:16 As in Greek version and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Num 26:15); Hebrew reads Ziphion.
<<  46:20 Greek version reads of Heliopolis.
<<  46:27a Greek version reads nine sons, probably including Joseph's grandsons through Ephraim and Manasseh (see 1 Chr 7:14-20). 46:27b Greek version reads seventy-five; see note on Exod 1:5.
<<  47:21 As in Greek version and Samaritan Pentateuch; Hebrew reads he moved them all into the towns.
<<  47:29 Hebrew Israel; also in 47:31b. See note on 35:21.
<<  47:31 Greek version reads and Israel bowed in worship as he leaned on his staff. Compare Heb 11:21.
<<  48:2 Hebrew Israel; also in 48:8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 21. See note on 35:21.
<<  48:3 Hebrew El-Shaddai.
<<  48:4 Hebrew seed; also in 48:19.
<<  48:22 Or an extra ridge of land. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain.

New Testament:  Matthew 13:1-30

Matthew 13 : 1-30

Parable of the Farmer Scattering Seed
 1  Later that same day Jesus left the house and sat beside the lake.  2  A large crowd soon gathered around him, so he got into a boat. Then he sat there and taught as the people stood on the shore.  3  He told many stories in the form of parables, such as this one:
  "Listen! A farmer went out to plant some seeds.  4  As he scattered them across his field, some seeds fell on a footpath, and the birds came and ate them.  5  Other seeds fell on shallow soil with underlying rock. The seeds sprouted quickly because the soil was shallow.  6  But the plants soon wilted under the hot sun, and since they didn't have deep roots, they died.  7  Other seeds fell among thorns that grew up and choked out the tender plants.  8  Still other seeds fell on fertile soil, and they produced a crop that was thirty, sixty, and even a hundred times as much as had been planted!  9  Anyone with ears to hear should listen and understand."
   10  His disciples came and asked him, "Why do you use parables when you talk to the people?"
   11  He replied, "You are permitted to understand the secrets [11]  of the Kingdom of Heaven, but others are not.  12  "To those who listen to my teaching, more understanding will be given, and they will have an abundance of knowledge. But for those who are not listening, even what little understanding they have will be taken away from them."  13  That is why I use these parables,

For they look, but they don't really see.
  They hear, but they don't really listen or understand.

 14  This fulfills the prophecy of Isaiah that says,

`When you hear what I say,
  you will not understand.
When you see what I do,
  you will not comprehend.
 15  For the hearts of these people are hardened,
  and their ears cannot hear,
and they have closed their eyes—
  so their eyes cannot see,
and their ears cannot hear,
  and their hearts cannot understand,
and they cannot turn to me
  and let me heal them.' [15] 

   16  "But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear.  17  "I tell you the truth, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, but they didn't see it. And they longed to hear what you hear, but they didn't hear it."    18  "Now listen to the explanation of the parable about the farmer planting seeds:  19  The seed that fell on the footpath represents those who hear the message about the Kingdom and don't understand it. Then the evil one comes and snatches away the seed that was planted in their hearts.  20  The seed on the rocky soil represents those who hear the message and immediately receive it with joy.  21  But since they don't have deep roots, they don't last long. They fall away as soon as they have problems or are persecuted for believing God's word.  22  The seed that fell among the thorns represents those who hear God's word, but all too quickly the message is crowded out by the worries of this life and the lure of wealth, so no fruit is produced.  23  "The seed that fell on good soil represents those who truly hear and understand God's word and produce a harvest of thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times as much as had been planted!" Parable of the Wheat and Weeds
 24  Here is another story Jesus told: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a farmer who planted good seed in his field."  25  But that night as the workers slept, his enemy came and planted weeds among the wheat, then slipped away.  26  When the crop began to grow and produce grain, the weeds also grew.
   27  "The farmer's workers went to him and said, `Sir, the field where you planted that good seed is full of weeds! Where did they come from?'
   28  "`An enemy has done this!' the farmer exclaimed.
  "`Should we pull out the weeds?' they asked.
   29  "`No,' he replied, `you'll uproot the wheat if you do.  30  Let both grow together until the harvest. Then I will tell the harvesters to sort out the weeds, tie them into bundles, and burn them, and to put the wheat in the barn.'"

<<  13:11 Greek the mysteries.
<<  13:14-15 Isa 6:9-10 (Greek version).

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